One of most common form of surrogacy is the gestational surrogacy. This is a type of surrogacy where the In Vitro Fertilization is used.
What is IVF?
This an assisted reproductive technology that manually fertilizes an egg with sperm in a laboratory dish and then transferring the embryo to the mother (or surrogate mother). With this kind of fertilization process, the surrogate mother does not have any genetic connection to the child.
The success of the process will differ. There are those that are successful and the pregnancy is carried to full term. Others are not so lucky. The age of the egg donor will affect the success of the process.
Why is IVF used and by who?
The In Vitro Fertilization is not for everyone. There are those who will not be eligible for this process of fertilization and there may be required to use the traditional surrogacy. So who can use the process?
– Women who have had their uterus removed but they still have ovaries
– Women whose fallopian tubes have been removed
– Women with ovulation disorders. If you don’t ovulate, it is hard to get pregnant
– If you have premature ovarian failure
– People with genetic disorder
– Ladies with blocked or damaged fallopian tubes
– Males with a low sperm count and sperm motility
How is the process performed?
– The first thing that is done is the screening of the surrogate mother to see if they have any conditions that may affect the fetus should the process be successful
– A consent form is signed by the three parties. All the details related to the process are written down and signed.
– The surrogate is placed on fertility medications to stimulate the production of the egg. There are multiple eggs that will be retrieved because some the eggs do not develop well for fertilization.-
– The eggs will be retrieved through a surgical procedure
– The intendent parents will also be asked to provide a sample sperm (a sperm donor can be used too) which will be used to fertilize the eggs.
– The eggs are fertilized using a lab dish.
– The embryo is then transferred to the surrogate mother after 3 or 5 days following the IVF process. Before the transfer a Preimplantation Genetic Screening (PGS) can be done. Also it´s important to think how many embryos will be transfered.
– If the process is successful, the pregnancy will be carried for a full tern.
This process can have side effects like mild cramping, bloating and breast tenderness.