Types of surrogacy arrangements

There are two types of surrogacy process, gestational and traditional. However, gestational surrogacy can include four different types of arrangements and traditional can include two different types of arrangements, so there are six different types of surrogacy arrangements:

Gestational Surrogacy:

When the intended mother cannot carry a baby to term but her eggs and the intended father’s sperm are used to create an embryo (via IVF) that transferred and carried by the surrogate mother. With this approach, the child born is genetically tied to his/her parents and the gestational carrier has no genetic link.

Gestational Surrogacy & Egg Donation:

If there is no intended mother involved in the process (i.e gay couples) or eggs the eggs of the intended mother cannot be used, the surrogate mother carries the embryo developed from a donor egg that has been fertilized by sperm from the intended father. With this process, the child born is genetically tied to the intended father (or one of the IFs) and the gestational carrier has no genetic relation.

Gestational Surrogacy & Donor Sperm:

If there is no intended father involved in the process (i.e lesbian couples) or the intended father is unable to produce sperm, the surrogate mother carries an embryo created from the intended mother’s egg (who is unable to carry a pregnancy herself) and donor sperm. With this scheme, the baby born is genetically tied to the intended mother and the gestational carrier has no genetic link.

Gestational Surrogacy & Donor Embryo:

When the intended parents are unable to produce either sperm, egg, or embryo, the surrogate mother can carry a donated embryo (often from other couples who have completed IVF that have leftover embryos). With this process, the child born is not genetically tied to the IPs and the gestational carrier also has no genetic link.

Traditional Surrogacy:

This involves artificially inseminating a traditional surrogate with the intended father’s sperm via IUI, IVF or home insemination. With this process, the baby born is genetically linked to his/her father and the surrogate mother.

Traditional Surrogacy & Donor Sperm:

This involves artificially inseminating a traditional surrogate mother with sperm coming from a donor via IUI, IVF or home insemination. With this technique, the baby born is genetically linked to sperm donor and the surrogate mother.